nationality & citizenship

Family members gained and lost citizenship rights in their native lands. After emigration, they sought naturalization in the U.S. and elsewhere. 

Story Portfolio

Our family during the Nazi years in Berlin
  • Aug 13, 2017

During the first five years of Hitler's reign of terror, Jewish families of Berlin faced one repression after another.

from Ruby Family History Project

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The early history of the Wohlgemuth family
  • Aug 27, 2020

In 1812 in Preußisch Stargardt, an elderly Jew Moses and his sons Salomon and Herz took the surname Wohlgemuth in exchange for Prussian…

from Ruby Family History Project

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The Scheunenviertal in the 1880s
  • Aug 13, 2017

Schija Ringel came from Poland to seek his fortune in Berlin’s old Jewish district.

from Ruby Family History Project

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Hermann Ringel's German citizenship
  • Aug 13, 2017

When Hermann turned 21 in 1906, he presented documentation to secure legal German citizenship.

from Ruby Family History Project

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Split decision on restored German citizenship
  • Aug 13, 2017

Both Dan and Joanne applied for reclaimed German citizenship under Article 116 of the German Constitution, but only Joanne’s application was…

from Ruby Family History Project

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The Ringels in Berlin—time of prosperity
  • Aug 13, 2017

From 1880s to the 1930s, the Ringel family prospered in the garment trade in the German capital. Herman made men's outerwear.

from Ruby Family History Project

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Ze'ev and Penina Sharon of Kibbutz Afek
  • Aug 13, 2017

A pioneer to Palestine in 1936, Ze’ev married Penina and they did their part to build the state of Israel as founders of Kibbutz Afek.

from Ruby Family History Project

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